Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, usually caused by infection. In rare cases, meningitis can be caused by medications or autoimmune diseases like lupus erythematosus. The steps you take to avoid contracting other infections, like washing hands before eating and covering your cough, can help prevent meningitis. However, the best protection against meningitis is kept up to date with vaccines.
The cause of many cases of meningitis is a viral infection. There are several viruses that can cause meningitis, but most belong to the group known as enteroviruses. Viral meningitis is usually mild and goes away without treatment. Usually viral meningitis is less serious than bacterial meningitis and to recover, most people need to rest, drink more fluids and take nonprescription pain relievers.
Meningitis, sometimes, is a product of infectious substances transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks, so wear protective clothing and apply insect repellent in the spring and summer may also help reduce the risk of contracting meningitis. Read the rest of this entry »