Rhabdomyosarcoma treatment is determined by two factors:
- Stage of tumor: tumor stage is determined by its location, size and extent of spread (metastasized) to lymph nodes or distant organs.
- Group of tumors: establishing a time a surgeon has removed much of the tumor as possible. Sometimes, we need a second surgery to remove all traces of cancer that remains after the first surgery. In group 1, tumors, cancer has been surgically removed completely. In group 2 tumors, all visible cancer has been surgically removed, but remain some microscopic cancer cells. In group 3 tumors, surgery could not remove all visible cancer, but cancer has not spread. In group 4 tumors, the cancer has spread at diagnosis. Read the rest of this entry »
Rhabdomyosarcoma continue to grow until it is given. Without proper treatment, the cancer eventually will spread to the lungs, bone marrow, bones and lymph nodes.
There is no way to prevent most cases of rhabdomyosarcoma. However, anyone who wants to conceive a healthy child should stop using recreational drugs and smoking. These harmful chemicals may increase the risk of a rhabdomyosarcoma or other medical conditions the child during birth or in the future. Read the rest of this entry »
After reviewing your child’s symptoms, the doctor will check the baby. Depending on the results of this test, your doctor may ask for a plain x-ray as a first test. They may also be necessary computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). If a tumor is detected in one of these tests, we remove a small piece of tissue and examined in a laboratory (biopsy).
If laboratory tests show signs of cancerous (malignant), your doctor will refer you to a medical center that has the facilities, personnel and experience to treat childhood cancer. There your child will undergo more tests, which are likely to include chest radiography, CT of the chest, a radionuclide bone scan, bone marrow biopsy and other tests to detect whether the cancer has spread to the lungs, bones or other region. Read the rest of this entry »
Symptoms depend on where the tumor develops:
- Head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma affects when the eye or eyelid, you can make the eye stand out, to be inflamed (swollen) an eyelid or who has paralysis of eye muscles. In the sinuses, rhabdomyosarcoma can cause nasal congestion, nasal secretions and sometimes blood or pus. In other regions of the head and neck, the most common symptom of rhabdomyosarcoma near the surface is a painless lump or swelling that increases gradually. A rhabdomyosarcoma located in a deep well can wear skull bones that protect the brain and cause headaches and nausea as the tumor enlarges to the surface of the brain. Read the rest of this entry »
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare cancer seen in children than in adults. About two thirds of cases, rhabdomyosarcoma occurs in children younger than 10 years. It is a soft tissue tumor that usually occurs as one of the following areas: head and neck (35 to 40% of cases), urinary tract and genital organs (25% of cases) and arms and legs (10% cases). It may also appear on the trunk. Doctors classified the cancer based on how the cells look under a microscope, most are embryonic (60% of cases) or alveolar (20% of cases):
- Embryonic: Tumors tend to develop the back of the throat, ear canal or in the urinary tract or respiratory. Overall, this is a limited and localized cancer that responds well to treatment and in rare occasions spreads (metastasizes). Read the rest of this entry »